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G100 Crystalline Copper

G100 Crystalline Copper

$150.00

G100: Crystalline CopperLocality:  Rocklands Mine. Cloncurry, Cloncurry Shire, Queensland, Australia.

Select specimen: Free from Crystaline Copper.

Appearance: Irregular shape with variations of smooth and irregularly surfaced bright tones, and sparce areas of oxidation.

Approximate measurements: LxWxH- 3 7/8″ x 1 3/8″ x 1 3/8″. –  Weight – 4.4 oz.

Availability: single piece, exclusive. Access to these specimens is becoming rare and less available to the public. 

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Description

Copper is a chemical element; it has symbol Cu and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. The nature of its characteristic color is created by its composition material reflecting red and orange light, as well as absorbing other frequencies in the visible spectrum due to its band structure. freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a pinkish-orange color. Copper is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, as a building material, and as a constituent of various metal alloys, such as sterling silver used in jewelry, cupronickel used to make marine hardware and coins, and constantan used in strain gauges and thermocouples for temperature measurement.

Copper is one of the few metals that can occur in nature in a directly usable metallic form (native metals). This led to very early human use in several regions, from c. 8000 BC. Thousands of years later, it was the first metal to be smelted from sulfide ores, c. 5000 BC; the first metal to be cast into a shape in a mold, c. 4000 BC; and the first metal to be purposely alloyed with another metal, tin, to create bronze, c. 3500 BC.

In the Roman era, copper was mined principally on the island of Cyprus. The origin name Aes Cyprium (metal of Cyprus), was later corrupted to cuprum (Latin). The names, Coper (Old English) and Copper, were derived from the original name, the latter spelling first used around 1530.

Commonly encountered compounds are copper (II) salts, which often impart blue or green colors to such minerals as azurite, malachite, and turquoise, and have been used widely and historically as pigments.

Copper used in buildings, usually for roofing, oxidizes to form a green patina of compounds called verdigris. Copper is sometimes used in decorative art, both in its elemental metal form and in compounds as pigments. Copper compounds are used as bacteriostatic agents, fungicides, and wood preservatives.

Copper is essential to all living organisms as a trace dietary mineral because it is a key constituent of the respiratory enzyme complex cytochrome c oxidase. In mollusks and crustaceans, copper is a constituent of the blood pigment hemocyanin, replaced by the iron-complexed hemoglobin in fish and other vertebrates. In humans, copper is found mainly in the liver, muscle, and bone. The adult body contains between 1.4 and 2.1 mg of copper per kilogram of body weight.

Copper does not react with water, but it does slowly react with atmospheric oxygen to form a layer of brown-black copper oxide which, unlike the rust that forms on iron in moist air, protects the underlying metal from further corrosion (passivation). A green layer of verdigris (copper carbonate) can often be seen on old copper structures, such as the roofing of many older buildings and the Statue of Liberty. Copper tarnishes when exposed to some sulfur compounds, with which it reacts to form various copper sulfides.

Additional information

Weight 0.25 lbs
Dimensions 3.875 × 1.50 × 1.50 in

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