The term “shungite” was originally used in 1879 to describe a mineraloid with more than 98 percent carbon. More recently the term has also been used to describe shungite-bearing rocks, leading to some confusion. Shungite has to date mainly been found in Russia. Shungite has been used in medical treatment since the early 18th-century. “Peter the Great” set up Russia’s first spa to utilize the water purifying properties of shungite and instigated its use in providing purified water for the Russian army. The anti-bacterial properties of shungite have been confirmed by modern testing.